The Zia ul Ummah Foundation (ZUF) wishes you a happy and a peaceful Ramadan. Once again, it is the time of the year to open your hearts and give in the way of Allah. This year, the ZUF team want to sponsor 100 more students to become scholars and Hifz of the Quran. Download our 2019 Ramadan booklet to find out more about our work and how you can make a difference.
The first Dar-ul-Uloom was set up on 1925 in Bhera city and since then has been educating thousands of students every year to become scholars and Hifz of the Quran. The Hafiz course lasts for three years, and the Alim course for nine years (including an MA degree). Students carry on regular classes alongside their Quranic studies.
Also, this Ramadan if for any reason you are unable to fast during Ramadan, then you can make up for it by the way of Sunnah, by donating to feed the poor near our schools with your fidya or kaffarah.
Zakat is the Arabic word for charity. Muslims are obligated to give 2.5% of their total annual savings in charity each year, provide those savings exceed the value of 87.5 grams of gold or 612 grams of silver. This minimum threshold for Zakat is known as Nisab in Arabic.
Zakat is exempted on live-in property, on mortgage loans, and on assets. It is only applicable to one’s savings. Business owners are also required under Shariah to pay Zakat on profits and stocks.
Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam, and it’s significance is established in the following Quranic verse:
“Take from their money a charity to cleanse them and purify them” – 9:103.
Every adult, mentally stable, free and financially able Muslim must pay Zakat to support a certain category of people. These people are identified in a Quranic verse as follows:
“The alms are only for the poor and the needy, and those who collect them, and those whose hearts are to be reconciled, and to free the captives and the debtors, and for the cause of Allah, and (for) the wayfarers; a duty imposed by Allah. Allah is knower, Wise.” – 9:60
|+ Bank Saving (Use lowest amount held for 1 year)|
|+ Gold & Silver (Monetary value)|
|+ Money owed to you (Deposits, loans you made)|
|+ Resale value of shares, stocks, bonds, etc.|
|+ Total £|
|2.5% of Zakat £|
- Al-Fuqara (The poor)
Fuqara are the people who live below the poverty line and don’t have enough means to live a normal life like others. They deserve your zakat in order to meet the daily necessities of their lives.
- Al-Masakin (The needy)
Masakin are extremely poor and needy people. These people don’t have any possessions or income. Your zakat money can help them in improving their living condition.
- Zakat collectors
Zakat can be given to the people who are authorized to collect and distribute it among the needy and poor. It includes the trustworthy institutions and NGOS who are working to help underprivileged Muslim communities.
- Those whose hearts can be reconciled
Those who are newly converted to Islam are eligible to receive zakat (if they are needy).
- Freeing captives
Slavery is prohibited in many parts of the world but there are still some places where people are trafficked and kept as slaves.
- Those in debt
Zakat can be given to pay off debts of someone who cannot repay on his own. However, one must make sure that the money borrowed by debtor is not used for any un-Islamic or wrong purpose.
- In the path of Allah
Those who are striving in the path of Allah are entitled to receive your zakat.
- Wayfarer (Travelers)
Zakat can be given to a traveller who is left alone in a foreign land and is in need of money to get back to his destination or to fulfil his objective of traveling.
Zakat-ul Fitr is given towards the end of Ramadan in the form of a single meal to a needy person before the Eid prayers. Every member of a household, including children and the elderly, is required to pay Zakat-ul Fitr, which is offered as an act of gratitude towards Allah.
The Prophet Muhammad said of Zakat-ul Fitr, “The fasting of the month of fasting will be hanging between earth and heavens and it will not be raised up to the Divine Presence without paying the Zakat-ul Fitr.”
Fitrana is £4 for each person in your household
Iftar is the opening of the fast with a meal at sunset during Ramadan. Muslims worldwide arrange for iftar for others, whether friends and family or the poor and needy, during Ramadan.
“He who gives iftar to another fasting person shall earn reward equivalent to a fasting man without detracting from the reward of the latter.” [Tirmidhi]
It is common for more well-of Muslims to feed fasting people in mass gatherings in poor areas as a way of charity.
A financially able person unable to fast during Ramadan due to sickness or old age should provide a poor person two daily meals, or enough money for two meals, for each fast missed. This known as fidya.
The importance of fidya is established in the following saying, attributed to Imam Daraqutni and Imam Bayhaqi, two eminent Muslim scholars and Hadith collectors: “When a person is unable to fast because of ill health or old age, they are required to pay fidya if they have the means. Fidya is used to feed a person in need two meals for each day of fasting that is missed.”
Fidya is £4 for every fast missed, or £120 for the whole month
Anyone breaking or missing a fast without a valid reason should pay for or feed a poor person two meals a day for up to two months, or provide 60 poor persons with two meals on one day. Alternatively, the invalid fast can be made up for by 60 consecutively days of fasting. This is known as Kaffarah.
If opting to fast consecutively for 60 days, Kaffarah can be rendered invalid if a single day is omitted during the 60-day period for any reason (except the monthly menstrual cycle for women).